Erzurum Citadel

The first construction date of the citadel is not known, but is thought to have been constructed by the Byzantines in the first half of the 5th century A.D. The citadel is surrounded by an outer citadel on the hill it is located at. Today, the outer citadel, which has a dual arrangement is ruined […]

History Of Erzurum

History of Erzurum dates back to 4000 B.C. findings from the excavasions carried out around Karaz, Pulur, Güzelova and Sos show that there are ancient settlements around Erzurum and its surroundings. Erzurum lived through the periods of Hurrie, Urartian, İskit, Med, Persian, Sasuanide, Roman, Arabs and Byzantium until the Malazgirt war in 1071. The city […]