History of Erzurum dates back to 4000 B.C. findings from the excavasions carried out around Karaz, Pulur, Güzelova and Sos show that there are ancient settlements around Erzurum and its surroundings. Erzurum lived through the periods of Hurrie, Urartian, İskit, Med, Persian, Sasuanide, Roman, Arabs and Byzantium until the Malazgirt war in 1071. The city came under the administration of Emir Saltuq after this war ended. It became the capital city of the Saltuqian Dynasty from then on, the Turkish sovereignty started. The improvement of the city continued during Saltuqid, Anatolian Saltuqs and İlhans, and the city became the center of culture and arts with the construction of historical works, especially built during the rules of Saltuqians and İlhans. The city was conquered by Yavuz Sultan Selim in 1514 during the Ottoman Empire and underwent a thorough reconstruction under the reign of Süleyman The Magnificent. Many architectural works of art were built during this period, the population of the settlers increased in the city, overflowing and making way for the foundation of new districts.